Founded in the folding of the era (circa 16 BC), Bracara Augusta is one of the three urban centers of the peninsular northwest region, created in the context of an administrative organization, carried out by Emperor Cesar Augustus.
The importance that it came to know over more than five centuries, rests directly on the existence here, from the outset, of six great roads (XIV, XVI, XVII, XVIII, XIX and XX of the Antonine Itinerary), and that from here they went to all directions of the Iberian Peninsula.
As capital of conventus iuridicus, it holds important judicial, fiscal, administrative and religious functions. Under the domain of the Flavian dynasty, Bracara Augusta goes under a great economic flourishing and urban development, that later justifies its elevation to the capital of the province of Galecia, created by Diocletian.
In the course of the IV century, Bracara Augusta is still a flourishing city, and becomes the episcopal see. Later, after the fall of the Roman Empire in the West and the barbarian invasions, it becomes the capital of the Suevian Kingdom, with the installation of these people in the region. However, still in the middle of the VI century, the city subsists as a religious and cultural center. Apparently, more than the barbarian invasions, the successive attacks and destructions by the Arabs were the responsibles for the decay and widespread abandonment of Bracara Augusta.
During the Middle Ages, the Roman city of Bracara Augusta, is partially sacrificed by the medieval city and buried largely in its farms and backyards.
From the seventies of last century, with the constitution of the first team of peninsular archeology, with systematic intervention in urban areas, Bracara Augusta begins to be gradually rediscovered, being today, thanks to it, the urban center with the best known nationally map of the archaeological subsoil.
From the intensive and rigorous work developed over more than four decades by this pioneering team, based at the University of Minho Archaeological Unit, resulted an immense and rich archaeological treasure, visible through permanent exhibitions in the modern and functional D. Diogo de Sousa Regional Museum of Archeology, and in a set of ruins contained in urban archaeological spaces duly musealized and open to the public.
BRACARA AUGUSTA – Braga, Portugal